Like for the
armory, the motto does not come out as a result of an officialedict.
It is the result of centuries of
history and is related with some significant events of its life.
the city motto is :
civem querna corona datur"
crown to the savier of a citizen"
but one could
say "An oak crown to those who respect a fellow citizen"
to an old Roman custom to give a crown of oak leaves to those who save
the life of another Roman on the battle field. It
can be seen on medals accompanied with the words "ob cives
from Chartres history may support this hypothesis.
In 1790 a
Fellow Craft Masson named Hagrain and the Carpenter Brossier received
from the City Mayor a sylver medal with the armoy of the town and a
tricolored ribbon with the legend "Servanti civem querna corona
datur" for having saved a woman buried under her house in
Poissonnerie street. Also
right after Robespierre, Jérôme Guillard, district responsible,
received an oak leaves crown, for having protected to the risk of his
own life, Chevard and 18 others sent to jail for political reasons.
For long it
was believed that it was the motto of Janvier de Flainville, a lawyer.
This is based on a document that
shows that he ordered "two tokens representing the King on one
face and the shield of the city surounded with oak leaves with the
motto "Servanti civem querna corona datur"
The motto is
probably older than that and certain persons go as far as 1114 without
any proof of it.
in 1883, then secretary of the Archeological Society, describing the
cartulary of the Abbaye of Tiron, mention a 1601 document, lost ever
since, where a sery of figures are detailed. The
5th shield being identical to our present one, with a date 1114 and
the owner : Thibaut Comte de Blois et de Chartres.
motto rather than another ?
We know that
around the end of the XVIth century a part of the middle-class society
is fond of Antics and Beautiful Letters. The Huvé, the Savart and the
Grenets among others left us many traces of their cultural
activities. Among them,
Louis Huvé and Claude Savart wrote up the note describing the
isometric projection of Chartres in the Belleforest' book.
Mayor at this time, Louis Huvé
will have the text made by Jean Grenet, adopted by the City. This text
was made to commemorate the actions and the courage of the people of
Chartres during the 1568 siege. Was
this to commemorate a particular act of courage or the general
attitude of the population, nobody knows.
may be seen at the railroad station on the wall, above the entrance on
the tracks side.
May be that
someone will find an old manuscript explaining all that.